If you ordered a Martini at the beginning of the 1900s this is what you would have been given. The original Martini was a drier version of the Martinez as it substituted Sweet Vermouth for Dry Vermouth. London Dry Gin started to become popular in the early 1900s and people began ordering Martinis with dry gin instead of the original Old Tom Gin. The original Martini with Old Tom started being referred to as a Sweet Martini and a Martini with Dry Gin was called a Dry Martini. In fact before the Dry Martini got its’ iconic olive, it was also made with orange bitters.